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|Motherhood and Female Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Infertility Shocks|
||Jorge M. Agüero & Mindy S. Marks
||American Economic Review, 2008. vol. 98(2), pages 500-504, DOI:10.1257/aer.98.2.500
Multiple L.A/Caribbean Countries
We propose a new exogenous source of variation in family size based on infertility
shocks to nd the causal eect of children on female labor force participation.
Clearly, infertility aects the number of children a women can have. In addi-
tion, other than the fact of increasing with age, infertility is virtually random.
Thus, an indicator variable for the infertility status of women of childbearing
age is a plausible instrument for childbearing. We apply this methodology to a
sample of women in six Latin American countries, where OLS estimates suggest
a negative relationship between children and women's labor force participation.
Our main nding is that, after using the infertility instrument, there is no evi-
dence that children have a causal eect on the labor force participation of women.
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