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|Assessing regional differences in contraceptive discontinuation, failure and switching in Brazil|
||Iuri C Leite (firstname.lastname@example.org); Neeru Gupta (email@example.com)
||Reproductive Health, 4:6
||Background: Contraceptive prevalence is relatively high in Brazil (55% among women of
reproductive age). However, reversible methods account for less than half of the method mix
and widespread differences persist across regions and social groups. This draws attention to the need for monitoring family planning service-related outcomes that might be linked with quality of care. The present study examines the factors associated with method discontinuation, failure and switching among current contraceptive users, with a focus on sub-national assessment.
Methods: Data for the analysis are drawn from the Brazil Demographic and Health Survey,
notably the calendar module of reproductive events. Multilevel discrete-time competing risks hazard models are used to estimate the random- and fixed-effects on the probability of a woman making a specific transition after a given duration of contraceptive use.
Results: Contraceptive continuation was found to be highest for the contraceptive pill, the
most popular reversible method. Probabilities of abandonment while in need of family
planning and of switching to another method were highest for injections. Failure,
abandonment and switching were each higher among users in the Northeast region compared
to the more prosperous Southeast and South.
Conclusion: Findings point to seemingly important disparities in the availability and quality of family planning and reproductive health care services across regions of the country. Expanding access to a range of contraceptive methods, improving knowledge among health agents of contraceptive technologies and increasing medical supervision of contraceptive
practice may be considered key to expanding quality reproductive health care services for all.
Translation provided by Google Translate. MEASURE DHS/ICF International cannot guarantee the accuracy of the translations